Foreign employers without permanent establishment in Sweden must pay Swedish social security contributions for locally employed personnel.
Foreign employers without permanent establishment pay slightly lower contributions than other employers. The general percentage of social security contributions for employers without permanent establishment is 19.8 per cent in 2020, but there are lower rates in certain cases.
In order to declare social security contributions, the company must register as an employer with the Swedish Tax Agency. Fill in the form below to register the company as an employer.
Instead of the employer paying social security contributions, the employer and the employee may agree to have the employee report and pay the contributions. The agreement can be drawn up as a written contract, but this is not a requirement for validity.
However, the employee must keep financial records at hand in case the Tax Agency performs an audit. If such an agreement concerning individual payment of social security contributions has been made, the employee should be the one to register as an employer with the Swedish Tax Agency. When registered, the employee will be given a special registration number and should report paid remunerations in the monthly PAYE. Payment to the tax account should also be done using the special registration number.
The social security contributions that the employee has to pay are based on the lower percentage used for companies without a permanent establishment in Sweden. The employer tax return shall only state actual salary — if the employee receives compensation from the employer for social security contributions, they should not be included in the employer tax return.
This is an example how to calculate the basis for the contribution:
A foreign employer pays a salary of SEK 100,000. If the social security contributions are 19.8 % they amount to SEK 19,800. The employer pays the salary, plus compensation for the contributions, amounting to a total sum of SEK 119,800.
When calculating the basis for social security contributions, the SEK 119,800 should be divided by 19.8 plus 100 %, i.e. by 1.198. Using this formula, the basis for contribution becomes SEK 119,800 / 1.19 8= SEK 100,000. On the SEK 100,000, contributions have to be paid with a total of SEK 19,800.
The foreign employer has to submit an annual income statement by the end of the year, stating the total remuneration (that is, both the salary and the compensation for the social security contributions).
If you conclude an agreement with your employer, you are liable to enroll for registration with the Swedish Tax Agency. Your application for registration must have been received by the Swedish Tax Agency no later than two weeks from the date that the social security agreement was made.
If the foreign employer should acquire a permanent establishment in Sweden, the employee and the employer can no longer have an agreement where the employee pays the social security contributions. The employer must then register with the Swedish Tax Agency and pay the full social security contribution rate (31.42 per cent for 2020).